The carotid arteries are the main vessels that supply blood to the brain. Over time there can be build-up of plaque in the carotid arteries which causes narrowing of the artery. This in turn can reduce or compromise the blood supply to the brain which inturn can cause a mini-stroke (Transient ischemic attack), sudden loss of vision in one eye, or a major stroke. The aim of carotid surgery is to clean out the plaque build up to prevent you from having a major stroke however the procedure itself has a very small chance of causing a stroke. This is why surgery is not performed until the artery narrowing is bad enough to justify the small risk of causing a stroke with surgery.
Mr. Bhamidi performs Carotid endarterectomy under regional (local) or general anaesthetic. An incision is made in the neck and the carotid artery is identified. The artery is then opened up and the the plaque or narrowing is carefully removed.Once the artery has been cleaned out, a small patch is used to close the hole in the artery. The patch is made from either a piece of animal tissue (bovine) or dacron. The wound is closed with dissolving stitches and the hospital stay is usually 2 days.